The use of ultrasounds in improving the sanitary quality of sewage sludge

Eliza Hawrylik


Georgia has abundant water resources. Among the total water resources of 63 billion m3/year (long-term average) only 1.6 billion m3/year or about 2% are being abstracted. About two thirds of the abstracted water is used for irrigated agriculture, and the other third for municipal and industrial uses. Despite the abundance of water resources, the Eastern part of Georgia is relatively dry and is regularly affected by droughts. The country’s major river, the Kura River, rises in Turkey and receives half of its flow from snowmelt and glaciers. The river, which flows from Georgia to Azerbaijan, is increasingly polluted downstream of Tbilisi. Access to water supply and sanitation in Georgia is high. The definition of improved sanitation includes pit latrines with slabs, while it excludes pit latrines without slabs. It is often difficult for surveyors conducting general household surveys to get reliable responses to the question that refers to the exact type of latrine in a house, so that the above access numbers should be treated with some caution
Author Eliza Hawrylik (FCEE / DCBB)
Eliza Hawrylik,,
- Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Skoczko Iwona, Krawczyk Dorota, Szatyłowicz Ewa (eds.): Innovations – Sustainability – Modernity – Openness. Water [Dokument elektroniczny], Series of Monographs, vol. 38, 2019, Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Białostockiej, ISBN 978-83-66391-09-3, 126 p., DOI:10.24427/978-83-66391-09-3
978-83-66391-09-3 ISMO-2019-vol.-38.pdf / 8,87 MB / No licence information
Keywords in English water supply systems
Internal identifierROC 19-20
Languageen angielski
LicensePublisher website (books and chapters only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Użycie Niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych (CC-BY-NC-ND); with publication
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcepublisherList
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 23-03-2020, MonographChapterAuthor
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