Social Participation and Experimental Spatial Interventions as Effective Methods of Activating Problematic Urban Areas
AbstractIn difficult economic and political times, cities will have less funds for public programs, including revitalization of unused and neglected urban spaces. It will be necessary to involve various, not only formal and public authorities, in order to ensure positive changes in the urban space, provide attractive places for residents and build a positive image of the city. The aim of the work is to show the impact and benefits of bottom-up social initiatives and low-budget spatial interventions as effective methods for urban renewal in a short time and at low cost. In this work the author analyses and classifies examples of social, cultural and pro-ecologicalm activities, consider a number of alternative possibilities of reviving urban spaces that are different to traditional practices of top-down urban development strategies. The author shows the importance of spatial and social relations resulting from the real needs and preferences of user and from current potential of place. The article discusses the issues of activating urban space and integrating residents, as well as the advantage of versatility over aesthetics of place. In addition, attention was focused on the decision-making and design process with the involvement of the local community. Participation of citizens in the design process itself often became more important than the final architectural effect. Moreover, the primary role of the architect and the investor are changed, the new competences of the participants of the design process penetrate each other. In this process, the potential of space users themselves is revealed. They are the initiators, organizers and participants of the process of creating a public space customized to their specific needs.
|Journal series||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, ISSN 1757-8981, e-ISSN 1757-899X, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Conference||World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering - Architecture - Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS 2018), 18-06-2018 - 22-06-2018, Prague, Czechy|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score|| = 15.0, 30-07-2019, manual|
= 5.0, 25-02-2020, ArticleFromConference
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.