Svâto-Boryso-Glebskaâ Koložskaâ cerkov' v Grodno - buduŝee tradicii

Jerzy Uścinowicz

Abstract

The Kalozha orthodox church of Sts. Boris and Gleb is the oldest extant structure in the city of Hrodna. It is a unique temple. It is a one of a kind phenomenon in the history of sacred architecture. The church was built before 1183s by architect Pyotr Milaneh on the high right bank of the river Nieman, opposite the Castle Hill. It was a building of 13,5x21,5 metres, with three semicircular altar apses at the eastern side. The materials used in constructing the church were plinths (3.5-4x16.5x26-28 cm), stone, lime mortar and glaze. The wall thickness was about 1,2 meters. The rows of plinths alternate with thick lime mortar seams with added finely ground brick and coal. In the 16th and 17th centuries the church was re- stored. In the 1853 it was partially destroyed by a landslide. In the 1889 the southern part of wall and apse collapsed into the Niemen river. In 1910, 1935, 1970 and 1985-1987 conservation works were under- taken. Preserved are the northern wall, a half part of the western wall, two walls of the apses, as well as two western under-cupola pillars. Today, this temple – owing to the great sacrifice and strain of the Orthodox Church – the Kalozha church is an active place of worship. It is being raised up from ruin. This work presents contemporary problems of re- construction and revitalization of this church.
Author Jerzy Uścinowicz (FA / DALC)
Jerzy Uścinowicz,,
- Division of Architecture of Local Cultures
Journal seriesArchitektura , ISSN 2218-547X, (0 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol12
Pages46-52
Publication size in sheets0.5
URL https://drive.google.com/file/d/17U0RR1YHN2kZCzgZ4DnEKN9zRTGWCauk/view
Internal identifierROC 19-20
Languageru rosyjski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Other open licence; with publication
Score (nominal)5
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 5.0, 12-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
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