The Development of Electromobility in Poland and EU States as a Tool for Management of CO2 Emissions
Karol Tucki , Olga Anna Orynycz , Antoni Świć , Mateusz Mitoraj-Wojtanek
AbstractThe article analyzes the dynamics of the development of the electromobility sector in Poland in the context of the European Union and due to the economic situation and development of the electromobility sector in the contexts of Switzerland and Norway. On the basis of obtained data, a forecast was made which foresees the most likely outlook of the electric car market in the coming years. The forecast was made using the creeping trend method, and extended up to 2030. As part of the analysis of the effect of the impact of electromobility, an original method was proposed for calculating the primary energy factor (PEF) primary energy ratio in the European Union and in its individual countries, which illustrates the conversion efficiency of primary energy into electricity and the overall efficiency of the power system. The original method was also verified, referring to the methods proposed by the Fraunhofer-Institut. On the basis of all previous actions and analyses, an assessment was made of the impact of the development of the electromobility sector on air quality in the countries studied. Carbon dioxide tank-to-wheels emission reductions which result from the conversion of the car fleet from conventional vehicles to electric motors were then calculated. In addition to reducing carbon dioxide emissions, other pollutant emissions were also calculated, such as carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM). The increase in the demand for electricity resulting from the needs of electric vehicles was also estimated. On this basis, and also on the basis of previously calculated primary energy coefficients, the emission reduction values have been adjusted for additional emissions resulting from the generation of electricity in power plants.
|Journal series||Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.05|
|Keywords in English||electromobility, CO2 reduction, EU|
|Internal identifier||ROC 19-20|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 140.0, 12-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 1.156; : 2018 = 2.707 (2) - 2018=2.99 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.