Hardware Efficient Solutions for Wireless Air Pollution Sensors Dedicated to Dense Urban Areas

Marzena Banach , Rafał Długosz , Jolanta Pauk , Tomasz Talaśka

Abstract

This paper proposes novel solutions for the application of air pollution monitoring systems in so called ’smart cities’. A possibility of the implementation of a relatively dense network of wireless air pollution sensors that can collect and process data in real time was the motive behind our research and investigations. We discuss the concept of the wireless sensor network, taking into account the structure of the urban development in cities and we present a novel signal processing algorithm that may be used to control the communication scheme between particular sensors and an external network. We placed a special emphasis on the computational complexity to facilitate the implementation directly at the transistor level of particular sensors. The algorithm was verified using real data obtained from air pollution sensors installed in Krakow, Poland. To ensure sufficient robustness of the variability of input data, we artificially added high amplitude noise to the real data we obtained. This paper demonstrates the performance of the algorithm. This algorithm allows for the reduction of the noise amplitude by 23 dB and enables a reduction of the number of wireless communication sessions with a base station (BS) by 70%–80%. We also present selected measurement results of a prototype current-mode digital-to-analogue converter to be used in the sensors, for signal resolutions up to 7 bits.
Author Marzena Banach
Marzena Banach,,
-
, Rafał Długosz
Rafał Długosz,,
-
, Jolanta Pauk (FME / IBE)
Jolanta Pauk,,
- Institute of Biomedical Engineering
, Tomasz Talaśka
Tomasz Talaśka,,
-
Journal seriesRemote Sensing, ISSN 2072-4292, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol12
No5
Pages1-25
Publication size in sheets1.2
Article number776
Keywords in Englishair pollution sensors, air pollution maps, edge computing, pollution data processin, analog-to-digital converters, low power circuits
ASJC Classification1900 General Earth and Planetary Sciences
DOIDOI:10.3390/rs12050776
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/12/5/776
Internal identifierROC 19-20
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Na Tych Samych Warunkach (CC-BY-SA); with publication
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 03-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.559; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 4.118 (2) - 2018=4.74 (5)
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