Fretting Wear in Orthodontic and Prosthetic Alloys with Ti(C, N) Coatings

Katarzyna Banaszek , Leszek Klimek , Jan Dąbrowski , Wojciech Jastrzębski


Fretting occurs during orthodontic treatment or wearing prosthesis. Although weight of particles is marginal, the total releasing area is more of a concern due to amount and volume of molecules. The aim of the study was to examine the fretting wear resistance of orthodontic and prosthetic alloy Ni-Cr-Mo samples coated with Ti(C, N) and to compare them with samples without any coating. Five groups of cylindrical shape samples (S1–S5) made of Ni-Cr-Mo were coated with Ti(C, N) layers with different content of C and N. The control group (S0) was without layer. The alloys underwent fretting wear resistance tests with amplitude 100 μm, at frequency 0.8 Hz with averaged unit load: 5, 10, and 15 N for 15 min. The samples were subjected to microscopic observations using scanning electron microscope and a laser scanning microscope. Samples with Ti(C, N) coatings revealed higher fretting wear resistance. The wear in each case with Ti(C, N) coatings was over twice as low. The lowest wear and thus the highest resistance was demonstrated by sample S3 (1.02 µm) whereas in control group-S0 (2.64 µm). The use of Ti(C, N)-type coatings reduces the adverse effects of fretting wear, decreasing the amount of ions released during orthodontic treatment or wearing prosthesis.
Author Katarzyna Banaszek
Katarzyna Banaszek,,
, Leszek Klimek
Leszek Klimek,,
, Jan Dąbrowski (FME / DMPE)
Jan Dąbrowski,,
- Department of Material and Production Engineering
, Wojciech Jastrzębski
Wojciech Jastrzębski,,
Journal seriesProcesses, ISSN 2227-9717, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.7
Article number874
Keywords in Englishfretting, fretting wear, Ni-Cr-Mo, dental alloys, titaniumcarbonitride, Ti(C, N) coating
Internal identifierROC 19-20
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 14-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.963 (2)
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