Influence of Different Biofuels on the Efficiency of Gas Turbine Cycles for Prosumer and Distributed Energy Power Plants

Dariusz Mikielewicz , Krzysztof Kosowski , Karol Tucki , Marian Piwowarski , Robert Stępień , Olga Anna Orynycz , Wojciech Włodarski

Abstract

The efficiency of a gas turbine can be affected by the use of different biofuels usually with a relatively Lower Heating Value (LHV). The paper evaluates the impact of calorific value of fuel on turbine performance and analyzes the possibilities of optimizing turbine construction from the point of view of maximum efficiency for a particular fuel. The several variants of design of small power microturbines dedicated to various biofuels are analyzed. The calculations were carried out for: gas from biomass gasification (LHV = 4.4 MJ/kg), biogas (LHV = 17.5 MJ/kg) and methane (LHV = 50 MJ/kg). It is demonstrated that analyzed solution enables construction of several kW power microturbines that might be used on a local scale. Careful design of such devices allows for achieving high efficiency with appropriate choice of the turbine construction for specific fuel locally available. Such individually created generation systems might be applied in distributed generation systems assuring environmental profits.
Author Dariusz Mikielewicz
Dariusz Mikielewicz,,
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, Krzysztof Kosowski
Krzysztof Kosowski,,
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, Karol Tucki
Karol Tucki,,
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, Marian Piwowarski
Marian Piwowarski,,
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, Robert Stępień
Robert Stępień,,
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, Olga Anna Orynycz (FEM / DPM)
Olga Anna Orynycz,,
- Department of Production Management
, Wojciech Włodarski
Wojciech Włodarski,,
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Journal seriesEnergies, [ENERGIES], ISSN 1996-1073, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol12
No16
Pages1-21
Publication size in sheets1
Keywords in Englishthermodynamic cycles; district distributed power plants; effectiveness; sustainability
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
DOIDOI:10.3390/en12163173
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/12/16/3173
Internal identifierROC 19-20
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 140.0, 12-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.156; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.707 (2) - 2018=2.99 (5)
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