Densification and Fuel Properties of Onion Husks

Sławomir Obidziński , Magdalena Dołżyńska , Małgorzata Kowczyk-Sadowy , Krzysztof Jadwisieńczak , Paweł Sobczak

Abstract

The aim of the described research was to assess the suitability of onion husk waste as a material for the production of solid fuels in the form of granules (pellets). Due to the low susceptibility to thickening of onion husks, the addition of a binder in the form of potato pulp was used (waste with a high starch content). Both wastes were subjected to elemental analysis determining the content of C, H, N, S, Cl, and their HHV (High Heating Value) and LHV (Low Heating Value). Mixtures containing the addition of 10%, 15%, and 20% potato pulp to onion husks were subjected to granulation in a “flat matrix–thickening rollers” operating system at three rotational speeds of the granulator matrix a 170, 220, and 270 rpm. The influence of the potato pulp addition and matrix rotational speed on the quality of the obtained pellet was determined. The highest quality product was combusted in a low-power boiler with a retort grate, and the content of CO, CO2, SO2, NO, and HCl in the exhaust gas was determined. The highest quality granulate was obtained from a mixture containing 10% potato pulp, which was compacted at 170 rpm matrix, where the kinetic strength was 99.50% and the density was about 650 kg·m−3. The results of the combustion emissions from onion husk granules exceed the requirements of the EcoDesign Directive with the greatest being the case of CO
Author Sławomir Obidziński (FCEE / DAEEM)
Sławomir Obidziński,,
- Department of Agri-Food Engineering and Environmental Management
, Magdalena Dołżyńska (FCEE / DAEEM)
Magdalena Dołżyńska,,
- Department of Agri-Food Engineering and Environmental Management
, Małgorzata Kowczyk-Sadowy (FCEE / DAEEM)
Małgorzata Kowczyk-Sadowy,,
- Department of Agri-Food Engineering and Environmental Management
, Krzysztof Jadwisieńczak
Krzysztof Jadwisieńczak,,
-
, Paweł Sobczak
Paweł Sobczak,,
-
Journal seriesEnergies, [ENERGIES], ISSN 1996-1073, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol12
No24
Pages1-18
Publication size in sheets0.85
Article number4687
Keywords in Englishonion husks; potato pulp; densification; combustion; emission
ASJC Classification1700 General Computer Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/en12244687
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/12/24/4687
Internal identifierROC 19-20
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 140.0, 12-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.156; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.707 (2) - 2018=2.99 (5)
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