The Comparison of Selected Types of Municipal Sewage Sludge Filtrates Toxicity in Different Biological Models: From Bacterial Strains to Mammalian Cells. Preliminary Study

Agata Jabłońska-Trypuć , Urszula Wydro , Lluis Serra-Majem , Andrzej Butarewicz , Elżbieta Wołejko

Abstract

Sewage sludge (SS) is a complex mixture of potentially toxic compounds, which may affect the environment. Many methodologies are being implemented in order to assess the risk that SS may cause after the exposition, but usually they rely on chemical analyses that cannot predict their toxicological impact. Therefore, biological systems are essential in such studies. The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of 3 types of SS filtrates: sludge from primary clarifier, sludge from aeration tank and sludge from thickened sludge tank after flocculant addition. In order to thoroughly investigate SS cytotoxicity, we proposed different biological models: Aliivibrio fischeri, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans and LN-229 glioblastoma cell line. Obtained results indicate that SS3 was the most toxic against A. fisheri, but tests conducted with the use of E. coli and LN-229 human cell line showed the higher toxicity of SS1. Different toxicity of analyzed filtrates in different biological models could be explained by differences in applied model structure, metabolism and life requirements. Therefore, the reuse of SS should be conducted with caution, and it is important for the SS to undergo a specific remediation process before introducing them into the environment.
Author Agata Jabłońska-Trypuć (FCEE / DCBB)
Agata Jabłońska-Trypuć,,
- Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology
, Urszula Wydro (FCEE / DCBB)
Urszula Wydro,,
- Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology
, Lluis Serra-Majem
Lluis Serra-Majem,,
-
, Andrzej Butarewicz (FCEE / DCBB)
Andrzej Butarewicz,,
- Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology
, Elżbieta Wołejko (FCEE / DCBB)
Elżbieta Wołejko,,
- Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology
Journal seriesWater, [Water (Switzerland)], ISSN 2073-4441, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol11
No11
Pages1-13
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in Englishsewage sludge filtrate; cytotoxicity; bacteria; fungi; human cells
ASJC Classification1104 Aquatic Science; 1303 Biochemistry; 3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2312 Water Science and Technology
DOIDOI:10.3390/w11112353
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/11/11/2353
Internal identifierROC 19-20
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 12-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.007; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.524 (2) - 2018=2.721 (5)
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