Influence of dental materials on hardness and Young’s modulus of the surface layers of tooth enamel formed as a result of friction

Sylwia Marlena Wojda , Eugeniusz Sajewicz


Purpose: The purpose of this work was to determine the influence of dental materials used as permanent fillings on the mechanical properties of the tooth enamel surface layer subjected to friction with these materials. Methods: Dental composite materials (five types) were differentiated in terms of size and shape of the filler particles and matrix type over the course of tests on the chewing simulator under two different loads set during friction. Next, it was measured values of wear and nanoindentation for the resulting friction rates on the enamel (3 different load ranges). Results: It was found that the enamel’s resistance to tribological wear is significantly higher than that of the tested dental materials. It is also important to note that, depending on the penetration depth of the indenter (depends on the indenter pressure), different hardness values and Young’s modulus of enamel were obtained after friction with different dental materials. This demonstrates the formation of a surface layer with different properties than the native material. Conclusions: Analysis of the obtained results suggests the existence of different tribological wear mechanisms, as evidenced by significant differences in the wear values of dental materials and enamel. The data show that the enamel surface layer modified by the contacting dental material is shaped to a certain depth, and different thickness ranges of the changed layer have different properties.
Author Sylwia Marlena Wojda (FME / DMPE)
Sylwia Marlena Wojda,,
- Department of Material and Production Engineering
, Eugeniusz Sajewicz (FME / DBBE)
Eugeniusz Sajewicz,,
- Department of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering
Journal seriesActa of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, ISSN 1509-409X, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in English enamel, hardness, dental material, wear, nanoindentation, Young’s modulus
ASJC Classification2204 Biomedical Engineering; 2502 Biomaterials; 1502 Bioengineering; 1304 Biophysics
Internal identifierROC 19-20
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Other open licence; with publication
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 12-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.79; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.112 (2) - 2018=1.194 (5)
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