Wpływ środowisk twórczych na sposób użytkowania i aranżacji mieszkań w budownictwie wielorodzinnym w Polsce w latach pięćdziesiątych i sześćdziesiątych XX wieku. Cz. 1. Rozwój architektonicznej myśli projektowej

Marta Kruk

Abstract

This article (part I) presents the activities of artistic circles-architects -and their impact on the ways of using and arrangement of the living area. The way of using apartmentis understood as:1)The way of arranging basic living functions by inhabitants (sleeping, resting, preparing and eating meals, receiving guests, studying, personal hygiene);2) The relationships between inhabitants and an apartment dependent on education, occupational structure, origin, life style, inherited cultural patterns, fashion as well as a group of physical characteristics and apartment attributes);3) The rights of family members to use the apartment space, including the right to intimacy and having own private space, as well as the representative needs.The aim of this article is to show the evolution of design thinking in the field of functional and spatial layoutsof apartments and indicating the main trends of these changes. The selected functional layouts of apartments (including the remarks of the author of the design), representative of the given period of time, have been analyzedwith respect to social and political conditions. In summary, the most important tendencies, which may be observed in respect of discussed changes, have been indicated.These include:expanding the living-room area of the apartment by designing a kitchen closer to the living-room or even combining a kitchen with a living -room;the differentiated approach to the issues of creating sleeping areas due to the understanding of children’s individual needsto have their own living space;the concern to upgrade the quality of hygiene in an apartment -by creating separaterestrooms and designing bathrooms witha space for a washing machine.
Author Marta Kruk (FA / DDA)
Marta Kruk,,
- Department of Design Arts
Other language title versionsThe impact of artistic circles on the way of using and arrangement apartments in multi-family residential buildings in Poland in the 1950s and 1960s. P. 1. Development of Architectural Project Ideas
Journal seriesBudownictwo i Architektura, ISSN 1899-0665, e-ISSN 2544-3275, (N/A 20 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol18
No2
Pages73-91
Publication size in sheets0.9
Keywords in Englishthe use of the apartment, upgrades of modern housing, thefactors affecting the use of housing
DOIDOI:10.35784/bud-arch.558
URL https://ph.pollub.pl/index.php/bia/article/view/558
Internal identifierROC 19-20
Languagepl polski , en angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Na Tych Samych Warunkach (CC-BY-SA); with publication
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreBUT didactic score = 20.0, 31-01-2020, manual
Ministerial score = 20.0, 17-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
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