Investment Costs of Heating in Poland and Spain—A Case Study

Agata Witkowska , Dorota Krawczyk , Antonio Rodero


Heating a room or a building is a basic annual operating cost. This paper presents typical heating systems in Poland and Spain. Based on the calculations made for lecture rooms located in different climate zones in Poland and Spain, the design heat loss and energy demand for heating are compared and analyzed. Additionally, the paper includes a statement about selected radiators and a comparison of their purchase costs for individual locations.
Author Agata Witkowska
Agata Witkowska,,
, Dorota Krawczyk (FCEE / HVAC)
Dorota Krawczyk,,
- Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Department (HVAC Department)
, Antonio Rodero
Antonio Rodero,,
Journal seriesProceedings, ISSN , e-ISSN 2504-3900, (0 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
ConferenceInnovations-Sustainability-Modernity-Openness Conference (ISMO'19), 22-05-2019 - 23-05-2019, Białystok, Polska
Keywords in Englishheating system; heat loss; radiators; central heating
Internal identifierROC 19-20
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)5
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 5.0, 12-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
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